What is Racial and Identity Profiling Act (RIPA)?
The Racial and Identity Profiling Act (RIPA) of 2015 (AB 953) requires state and local law enforcement agencies, as specified, to collect data regarding stops of individuals, including perceived demographic information on the person stopped, and to report this data to the California Department of Justice (DOJ) on an annual basis. Click to view AB 953: The Racial and Identity Profiling Act of 2015.
This data collection has been implemented in a phased-in approach based on the size of the police agencies. The College of Marin Police Department is to begin collecting data in January 2022. The collected data is to be reported to the Department of Justice no later than April 2023. The Department of Justice will then post the collected data to their website sometime after April 2023. Data collection will be ongoing with submission to DOJ required no later than April of each year for the prior year’s data.
In advance of the required dates, the College of Marin Police Department began collecting data in test mode in July 2021 (six months prior to the mandate). In addition, while not being required to submit data until April 2023 to the DOJ, the College of Marin Police Department has implemented a RIPA Dashboard, making primary collected data available to the public starting in November 2021 on our website. The Dashboard allows users to filter College of Marin Police stop data by date, perceived race, perceived gender, the reason for the stop, and result of the stop. By analyzing this data, the College of Marin Police Department is able to monitor all officer’s individual stops to help ensure racial profiling is not occurring.
The College of Marin Police Department recognizes the important work of the California Community College’s Campus Police Reform task force. One of the key considerations identified by this task force is, “Increasing accountability to the campus community through greater transparency about police interactions, engaging the community in oversight...” The early publicizing of this stop data as it relates to College of Marin Police Officers is another way to meet the task force’s recommendations, provide transparency to the public, and work towards true racial justice, and actively fight against systemic racism.
The Dashboard is not “live data”, it will be updated monthly. While the filter for a date search will allow the user to input any date span, users should remain cognizant of our monthly upload protocol. This process and the Dashboard will be evolving as we continue to refine the processes.
Without this Dashboard, the public would not be able to see our collected data until DOJ posts it sometime after April of the following year of collected data. We felt it was important to create a mechanism to provide our data to the public in a timelier manner.
What data is College of Marin Police Officers required to report for each stop, detention or search of an individual?
- Agency Identification Number (ORI), date, time, and duration of the stop
- Location of stop
- Perceived race or ethnicity of person stopped *
- Perceived gender of person stopped *
- Person stopped perceived to be LGBT
- Perceived age of person stopped
- Perception that person stopped has limited or no English fluency
- Perceived or known disability of person stopped
- Reason for stop *
- Stop made in response to a call for service
- Actions taken by an officer during stop (predesignated selections are defined by DOJ – if none of those are applicable, “none” is the answer required by DOJ).
- Results of stop *
- Officer’s Identification (ID) Number
- Officer’s years of experience
- Type of assignment of an officer
*All fields and selection options are designated by DOJ.
How to read the RIPA Dashboard
You can utilize the filtering tools located at the top of the dashboard to refine your search results of posted data. The dashboard is not designed to nor has it the ability to display all the data that is collected, but rather to provide the public with basic stop data, listed with an asterisk above. When the Department of Justice posts data, all the above-listed fields will be included.
Stop Data | Available Date Span
Shows the start and end date span of available data. When using the “Filter by Date Range” option, only dates within this listed date span will show data results.
Total Number of Stops
Shows the number of individuals detained/stopped by College of Marin Police Officers.
Percentage of Stops — Perceived Race
Shows the percentages of persons stopped based on perceived race. You can place the cursor over the pie chart to see a breakdown by race.
Number of Stops — Gender
Shows the number of individuals stopped by gender.
Number of Stops — Reason for Stop
The number at the top of each blue bar graph represents the number of individuals stopped by College of Marin Police Officers according to the reason for the stops.
Allows for the filtering of search results.
Date of implementation
College of Marin Police Department Stop Data is posted monthly. The Stop Data began being collected on July 1st, 2021. There is not any collected stop data prior to July 1, 2021, in this format. The Dashboard was made available to the public starting in November 2021.